Cartographer Creates Map Based On Night Lights


A St. Louis-based geospatial web dev named Jacob Wasilkowski had an ideal what if he made a map that showed the lights at night on Earth as mountains? Well, he went and made that idea a reality, publishing it early in March 2019, at Palm Springs, California’s Esri Developer Summit.

He took the brightest areas on Earth during night, then made them into luminous mountains, with cities filled with lights stretching up 53mi. on the map. Poorly-lit areas stay flat, even if they’re actually high altitude locations in real life, like mountain ranges. It’s sorta like illustrative maps, but for lights.

Wasilkowski said that the idea behind the map is to get people thinking about what heavily urbanized areas do to nighttime environments. He stated that he also wonders if we don’t consider what day versus night really means when observing maps, noting his interest in the difference between daytime maps and visualization data for night.

Notably, NASA has a how-to guide on how to make such a visualization, showing that there is an interest in nighttime maps, illustrative maps or not.

Wasilkowski admits that he exaggerated the “elevations” on the map, which he did via multiplying the data by a value that he decided on after some trial-and-error. He explains that the luminescence of every pixel is a value from ranging from 0 to 1, then multiplied by 85,000 on the geospatial illustrative maps to get those bright mountain ranges.

Naturally, the map has some of the most urbanized areas being the highest, like Washington DC. Chicago, one of the most densely-packed areas in the US, turned into a giant mountain range of gold.

However, not all of the brightly-lit areas are urban. North Dakota’s northwestern region is still pretty cragged on the map, thanks to housing and gas fires from the oil and the natural gas found in the area, thanks to the Bakken shale formation.

Wasilowski got some good word from other cartographers about the map, with him saying that the project is something special. He notes that it’s a visual example of how the world’s mountains get ignored in favor for the urban areas.

The Top Four Benefits Of Living In A Condo


Even though a lot of people foresee purchasing a single family home for their upcoming home purchase, a condo unit can make a lot of sense depending on the situation and finances. For many of the potential homeowners, there are several overlooked benefits for condo living, including:

  1. Keeping that low maintenance lifestyle

Do you want to trim bushes or mow your lawn after a busy day of work? When living in a condo, you are not going to have to do these things. The great perk is having the maintenance on a unit taken cared of because of the dues that are paid to the association. This can include everything, even though sometimes the condo owners are going to pay special assessments for unexpected or unusual repairs.

2. Appreciating extra amenities

    The condo residents often times have access to several amenities outside their doors, especially since a lot of developments have features, such as workout facilities and pools, without the added cost of ownership or hassles of maintenance. Aside from this, the owners benefit from the security measures provided for them, so they feel secured and safe, even when living alone.

3. Capitalizing on the location

A lot of condos are situated in prime neighborhoods near to transit, shopping malls, restaurants or work, which are areas known as too costly to live. The desirable locations normally remain or grow the value in time that make for a great financial investment.

4. Stretching dollars

Condos are regarded as great value, especially that purchasing similar stand-alone properties are normally too expensive. Even though prospective buyers need to consider the financial effect of the association dues, there are still considerable upsides to buying a condo unit in a multifamily building. Aside from this, since maintenance is already covered, a lot of owners find their housing budgets are more predictable compared to those that need to care for single family homes.

Summing up

Living in condos may not be great for all people, but buying one of the condos for sale in Pattaya can also be a practical option, with lesser financial downsides and headaches compared to single family homes, while also offering access to that low maintenance lifestyle for the residents.


4 Health Benefits Of Skiing


Regardless of age, skiing is one of those outdoor activities that can always boost your health and stamina. Although the most popular ski destination is in the Alps, Japan’s Madarao ski resort is also gaining popularity among ski enthusiasts and winter lovers. Apart from the joy of playing in the snow, skiing also provides health benefits that people of all ages can enjoy. Here are some of those health benefits:

Promotes good night rest

If getting a deep sleep is a challenge to you, take a day’s worth of skiing and you are guaranteed to have a good night sleep that you have been longing for. Skiing is a physical outdoor activity and enjoying it even for a few hours can get you exhausted thereby promoting a deep sleep that is beneficial to your physical and mental health.

Uplifts your mood

Engaging in outdoor activities while staying in a comfortable hotel such as Madarao ski resort allows you to be exposed to sunlight and the breathtaking beauty of nature. Because of physical activity, your body naturally releases endorphins or those happy hormones that boosts your mood and promotes better disposition. Skiing and similar outdoor sports are proven to be depression busters that is why, some experts encourage individuals who are going through depression to engage in physical and outdoor activities to naturally chase away the blues.

Strengthens joints and bones

Your bones take the impact during physical activities such as skiing. With your every turn and downhill movement, your bones and joints are engaged thereby making them stronger. As you enjoy skiing, you reduce your risk of developing osteoporosis and other bone-related problems. In addition, you also strengthen your knees with skiing and this could prevent knee damage as you practice.

Weight reduction remedy

As you walk the slopes and ski, you inadvertently burn calories resulting to shedding off excess weight. Skiing at Madarao ski resort also increases cardiovascular endurance since the heart and lungs are put into good use while practicing. To get the best health benefits out of skiing, avoid ski lift and ski your way to health and goodness instead.

How To Assemble An Attractive Christmas Hamper


If you are reading this article, it might be safe to assume that you are preparing Christmas baskets for friends and family. Keep reading because there are several tips to assemble the Christmas basket efficiently. The tips are guaranteed to help you create a very special gift that will bring happiness and excitement this Christmas.

Getting started with the Christmas hamper

  1. The first step is to choose a sturdy basket that will not give out easily with the weight of the items that you will put inside. A basket with a wider base and flat bottom is a better option than the round ones that tend to rock with heavy items. If the items use bottles as containers, choose a basket with high walls and add cushioning at the bottom of the basket.
  2. The best way to arrange a Christmas hamper is to place the heavier items at the back with smaller items in front to create an attractive presentation. Make sure that individually wrapped chocolates are visible to make the basket more interesting.
  3. Bamboo skewers and packing tape can be used to make packages stand at the back of the hamper. Instead of using crumpled paper for cushioning a better option is Styrofoam to secure the bamboo skewers.
  4. Make sure that fragile items are placed on top of the heavier packages so prevent them from being crushed.
  5. Fill spaces with shredded paper or small candies.
  6. Cellophane is the most popular item used for wrapping the Christmas hamper. Tulle is also a good choice but it is more expensive. Cut more than enough cellophane for the basket and simply trim the excess from the edges.
  7. You can add a bow as a finishing touch on the top of the basket. Make sure to cover the packaging tapes used.

If you are not particularly skilled in creating an attractive Christmas basket, you have an option with pre-ordered Christmas gift hampers online. You can choose the contents from a list and your Christmas hamper will be packed beautifully. Nationwide delivery service is also available as a more convenient and efficient option to avoid the holiday rush.