Dental implants can be used to replace one or more teeth. Installation of dental implants requires a jaw surgery. An orthodontist makes an opening in the jaw bone and places the implant made of Titanium or Zirconia. After the implant fuses with the jaw bone, a crown is placed on it.
Patients are often scared when they hear about dental implant surgery. Here I try to explain the process of the surgery in a simple manner to educate patients who are heading for the dental implants surgery. It is important to know about the parts of a dental implant before proceeding to understand the dental implants process.
Parts of a Dental Implant
The implant is a metal screw made of Titanium or Zirconia. It is placed inside or on the jaw bone depending on the type of the implant.
The abutment acts as a link between the dental implant and the artificial tooth. It is made of Titanium, Porcelain or Gold. The abutment and the implant are attached with a screw. The abutment looks like a tooth, which is reshaped for the installation of a crown.
- The Restoration
The crown placed over the abutment and looks like a natural tooth is known as the restoration. The crown or restoration is made of porcelain, metal alloy or a combination of both. The crown is either screwed into the abutment or cemented on it.
Process of the Installation of Dental Implant
The entire dental implant process can take anywhere between 5 months to a year. The duration depends on the time taken by the jaw bone to heal and fuse into the implant.
The first step in the installation process is the jaw surgery. The surgery is performed by a team of experienced surgeons and orthodontists. The surgeon makes a small cut in the gum and drills a hole in the jaw bone. The implant is inserted into the hole and the gum is stitched back. After this procedure, it takes 3 to 6 months for the bone to heal and fuse with the implant.
Once the orthodontist confirms that the bone is completely healed and fused, he proceeds to the second step. It involves making a cut in the gum to expose the implant and fixing the healing cap. The healing cap helps to heal the gum tissue and makes it ready for abutment. After the surrounding gum tissue around the implant is ready, the abutment is installed.
The last step in the dental implant process is to install the crown or the restoration. The crown is customized to suit the shape and color of the natural teeth.
After the completion of the 3 step dental implants process, you are ready with a confident smile and better speaking ability.